Aldactone is the brand name for Spironolactone, a steroid chemically related to the mineralocorticoid aldosterone. It falls under the category of aldosterone receptor antagonist. It is mainly used to treat heart failure and high blood pressure. Spironolactone is a weak diuretic that removes excess water and electrolytes from the body without causing potassium loss. This makes it efficient in reducing blood pressure and swelling caused by various medical conditions.
Aldactone or Spironolactone is a weak diuretic on its own. It is used only in combination with other more efficacious diuretics. It can be used in the following medical conditions:
Low potassium levels.
Edema: Spironolactone is frequently added to a thiazide or loop diuretic to treat fluid accumulation due to liver cirrhosis.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure.
Congestive heart failure: as an additional drug to conventional therapy in moderate-to-severe congestive heart failure, it can retard disease progression and lower death rates.
Most side effects are minimal and disappear on their own without medical intervention or emergency treatment. However, consult a doctor if the symptoms become severe, such as irregular heartbeat, numbness, tremors, high potassium levels, and severe skin reactions.
The most common side effects of Aldactone are:
Gastrointestinal: stomach cramps, vomiting, diarrhea.
Neurological: headache, dizziness, confusion, drowsiness.
Hormonal: irregular menstrual cycle, breast enlargement in males.
Musculoskeletal: leg cramps, muscle weakness.
What is Aldactone
Uses of Aldactone
Side effects of Aldactone
1. Can Aldactone cause hair loss?
There is no such evidence of hair loss related to Spironolactone as it also acts as an anti-androgenic hormone, henceforth can prevent excessive falling of hair and acne production. The drug blocks androgens produced by the ovaries and adrenal glands, which causes hair fall and hormonal imbalances.
2. Does Aldactone cause weight gain?
There is no evidence that Aldactone can cause weight gain since it reduces fluid retention and treats bloating. Hence, it may work in reducing ‘water weight’. Whatever its effects on weight, do not miss a dose, reducing its efficacy in long-term treatment. Aldactone may cause weight loss if not taken correctly.
3. When should you take Aldactone?
Aldactone is an aldosterone receptor antagonist primarily used to treat patients with high blood pressure and heart failure. The tablet should be taken orally, daily, at the same time. The tablet should be taken early in the day with food, and the dosages also depend upon your treatment plan, stage of disease, and doctor's recommendation.
4. Does Aldactone make you pee?
Also known as “water tablet”, Spironolactone leads to potassium retention and water and sodium ions release through urine. It causes excessive urination because of water and electrolyte imbalance, and hence adequate water consumption is advised. Also, you must take the dose early in the evening before 6 pm to prevent excessive urination at night.
5. Can Aldactone be given to a unilateral kidney?
In patients with unilateral kidneys, there are chances of proteinuria and fluid retention due to inefficient water and electrolyte balance. Spironolactone reduces edema and excessive fluid from the body and hence prevents fluid accumulation and sodium retention. However, long-term effects can be harmful, and a doctor’s recommendation is advised.
6. What does Aldactone do for PCOS?
Since Spironolactone works as an anti-androgenic drug, it can prevent or lessen PCOS symptoms in young females. It works by blocking the action of testosterone and hence preventing coarse hair growth on the face, chest, and stomach. It can also cause weight loss by removing excess fluid from the body and maintaining hormonal balance.
7. What Does Aldactone Do To Hormones?
Spironolactone belongs to the class of aldosterone receptor antagonists, which blocks the action of aldosterone, a hormone released by the pituitary gland. The hormone is responsible for maintaining the fluid and electrolyte balance in the body; hence high levels of Aldactone can lead to sodium retention, leading to high blood pressure and heart diseases.
8. Is Aldactone a steroid?
Aldactone is an anabolic steroid that blocks aldosterone and testosterone and can cause hormonal changes in the patient. Spironolactone is a weak potassium-sparing diuretic and can also have estrogen-like effects. This impairs hormonal balance and causes menstrual irregularities in women and breast enlargement in males.
9. Does Aldactone increase breast size?
Spironolactone is an anti-androgenic hormone that can inhibit the function of testosterone and male sex hormones. It has estrogen-like effects that lead to breast enlargement in males and menstrual irregularities in females. Due to the male sex hormones getting surpassed, long-term usage can cause dominance of female hormones and breast enlargement.
10. How long does Aldactone take to work?
The drug takes almost 3–6 months to effectively work if taken regularly, along with lifestyle changes. You must follow a proper long-term course to prevent the recurrence of symptoms. It is always recommended to take a physician's advice and follow up regularly.
To get all your medicinal queries regarding Aldactone and other drugs answered, consult our experts at Yashoda Hospitals. Book an appointment with us today.
Disclaimer: The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts.