Robotic Surgery Unmasked: Understanding the Facts Behind the Myths

Facts and Myths of Robotic Surgery

Robotic surgery has grown in popularity, with modern technology and robotic equipment assisting surgeons in a variety of treatments. This method dramatically improves surgical precision, dexterity, and control by integrating computer-assisted tools and robotic arms. However, despite its well-established benefits, myths about robotic surgery continue to confuse and disturb prospective patients. Beliefs, such as autonomous robotic surgeries or the technique being limited to complex cases, may discourage individuals from considering this innovative option for their medical needs. This article aims to dispel popular myths regarding robotic surgery by providing real information that will educate patients and allow them to make informed decisions about their surgical options.

MYTH : Robotic surgery is experimental and has not been proven to be safe.
FACT : Robotic surgery has been around for over two decades and has undergone extensive research and clinical studies. It has been proven to be a safe and effective surgical technique across various specialties. Numerous research publications and real-world experiences have demonstrated its efficacy, with reduced complication rates and improved patient outcomes compared to traditional open surgery.

MYTH : Robotic surgery is only for the wealthy and not accessible to the general public.
FACT : While robotic surgery can be associated with higher costs, its availability has significantly expanded over the years. Many hospitals and surgical centres now offer robotic surgery services, making them more accessible to the general public. Furthermore, insurance coverage for robotic surgery has become more widespread, enabling a broader range of patients to benefit from this advanced surgical approach. 

MYTH : Robotic surgery is fully automated and doesn’t require a surgeon’s involvement.
FACT : This is not true. Robotic surgery is not automated and is always performed by a trained surgeon who controls the robot using a console. The robot cannot make decisions or perform the surgery without the guidance of a surgeon. The robot, unable to make decisions or perform surgery independently, relies on the guidance of a surgeon who remains an integral part of the procedure, utilising the robotic system as a tool to enhance precision and control.


MYTH : Robotic surgery is only for complex surgeries.
FACT : While robotic surgery is often used for complex procedures, it can also be used for simpler surgeries. The decision to employ robotic surgery is based on various factors, including the patient’s medical history and the type of surgery required. Robotic technology offers benefits in terms of precision and control, regardless of the complexity of the procedure.

MYTH : Robotic surgery is not as effective as traditional open surgery.
FACT : Research has shown that robotic surgery is equally, if not more, effective compared to traditional open surgery. The enhanced precision and control provided by robotic systems contribute to improved surgical outcomes. Furthermore, the advantages of robot assisted surgery include shorter hospital stays and faster recovery times, offering patients a quicker return to their normal activities.

MYTH : Robotic surgery is only for certain medical specialties.
FACT : Robotic surgery finds applications in various medical specialties, extending beyond specific fields. It is commonly employed in gynaecology, urology, general surgery, and numerous other areas. The versatility of robotic systems allows for their adaptation to different surgical procedures across multiple specialties.

Did you know that robotic surgery is commonly used to remove cancerous tumours?

MYTH : Robotic surgery is more expensive than traditional open surgery.
FACT : This is one of the most common misconceptions about robotic surgery. Robotic surgery can result in shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery times, which can lead to reduced healthcare costs overall. Additionally, the potential for fewer complications and readmissions can contribute to cost savings.

MYTH : Robotic surgery is only for younger, healthier patients.
FACT : Age and overall health are not exclusive factors for determining suitability for robotic surgery. While certain medical conditions or complexities may impact the decision, robotic surgery can be performed on patients of various ages and health statuses. The appropriateness of robotic surgery is evaluated on an individual basis, considering the specific patient’s needs and the nature of the procedure.

MYTH : Robotic surgery is only for large hospitals and medical centres.
FACT : While larger hospitals and medical centres may be more likely to possess robotic surgical equipment, the availability of robotic surgery is expanding to smaller hospitals and surgical centres. The increasing adoption of robotic systems has made them more accessible across a wider range of healthcare facilities, ensuring that more patients can benefit from this advanced surgical approach.

MYTH : Robotic surgery is more risky than traditional open surgery.
FACT : Research has consistently demonstrated that robotic surgery has lower rates of complications compared to traditional open surgery. The enhanced precision, magnified vision, and improved control provided by robotic systems contribute to more accurate and controlled surgeries. This can lead to reduced risks, fewer complications, and faster recovery times for patients.


Robotic surgery stands as a safe and effective technique that brings numerous advantages to patients. However, it is vital to separate fact from fiction, enabling individuals to make informed decisions regarding their medical care. By gaining accurate information, patients can confidently explore various surgical approaches and select the one that best suits their unique needs. Robotic surgery, when performed by a skilled and trained surgeon, offers undeniable benefits, and the misconceptions surrounding it should not deter patients from considering it as a viable option for their medical requirements.


About Author –

Dr. Tokala Surender Reddy,Consultant Surgical Gastroenterologist, Laparoscopic, Bariatric & Metabolic Surgeon, Yashoda Hospitals - Hyderabad

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Dr. Tokala Surender Reddy

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