Breaking the silence: Let’s Talk About Depression

Understanding Depression - Types, Signs, Treatment

Are you enduring your pain in silence? Are you holding back from fully expressing yourself? It’s time to awaken and shatter the silence that surrounds the stigma.  Remember, you are not alone who is going through this rough phase of depression. Depression is a widespread, yet frequently misconstrued mental health condition impacting countless individuals globally. It’s crucial to identify the signs and symptoms of depression in both ourselves and those around us, offering support and reaching out for professional assistance when necessary.

Depression & its types?


Depression, also known as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), is a complex mental health condition characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed. It can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or background. Depression is more than just feeling down, it’s a medical condition that requires proper treatment and care

Types of Depression: 

Types of Depression

  • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): This is the most common form of depression. It involves persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest or pleasure in most activities.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD): Also known as dysthymia, PDD is characterized by long-term, chronic symptoms that may not be as severe as MDD but can last for years.
  • Bipolar Disorder: Formerly called manic depression, People with this type of depression have extreme mood swings. Sometimes, they feel extremely happy and energetic (mania), and other times they feel very, very sad (depression).
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): SAD is a type of depression that occurs seasonally, often in the winter months when there’s less natural sunlight making them feel down. 
  • Postpartum Depression: Experienced by some women after childbirth, it involves intense feelings of sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion.
  • Psychotic Depression: A severe form of depression that includes symptoms like hallucinations or delusions.
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD): This is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) characterized by intense mood disturbances before menstruation.

Depression: Signs and Risk Factors


Depression Signs and Risk Factors

  • Prolonged Sadness: Depression often brings long-lasting feelings of sadness, emptiness, or being down.
  • Reduced Enthusiasm: When activities that used to bring you joy such as hobbies or social interactions become less appealing, it might be an indicator of depression.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Depression can disrupt your sleep, causing either insomnia or excessive sleeping.
  • Appetite Changes: Significant shifts in eating habits, leading to weight gain or loss, are common in depression.
  • Persistent Fatigue: Chronic tiredness and a lack of energy to tackle daily tasks are common in depression.
  • Irritability: If you find yourself unusually irritable or restless without a clear cause, it might indicate underlying depression.
  • Feelings of Worthlessness: Depression often triggers overwhelming guilt or feelings of inadequacy.
  • Trouble in Concentrating: Depression can make it hard to focus, make decisions, or remember things.
  • Physical Symptoms: Sometimes, depression can manifest physically with unexplained aches, pains, headaches, or digestive issues.
  • Suicidal Thoughts: In severe cases, depression can lead to thoughts of death or suicide. If someone shares these thoughts, take them seriously and seek help immediately.
    If you find yourself constantly experiencing a combination of the following signs and symptoms throughout the majority of the day, for at least a span of two weeks, there’s a possibility that you are going through a period of depression.

Risk Factors:

  • Personal or Family History: A family history of depression or a previous episode increases vulnerability.
  • Chronic Illness: Medical conditions such as diabetes or chronic pain can be contributing factors.
  • Traumatic Events: Experiencing trauma or loss can trigger depression.
  • Substance Abuse: Alcohol and drug misuse can lead to depression.
  • Certain Medications: Some medications have depression as a side effect.

Suicidal Thoughts and How to Assist

Suicidal thoughts are persistent and severe feelings of wanting to end one’s own life, often due to emotional distress. These thoughts are a critical mental health that demands immediate intervention and professional assistance, as they indicate profound emotional suffering.

Signs to Watch For:The signs of mental health struggles are expressing thoughts of wanting to die or feeling hopeless, significant behavior or mood changes, unusual actions like giving away possessions or making final plans, increased substance use, and sudden mood improvements after severe depression.

What to Do: Approach them kindly, talk about suicidal thoughts, and stay with them if they’re in immediate danger. Encourage professional help, call 911 if necessary, involve trusted friends or family, and keep supporting them on their journey to recovery.

Age & Depression: Understanding the Differences:

  • Young Adults (Ages 6-25): Depression shows various signs from childhood to young adulthood, impacting academics, relationships, and mental health. Causes range from family stress to the challenges of growing up.
  • Adults (Ages 26-65+): In adulthood and beyond, depression brings classic symptoms, affecting work, relationships, and physical health. It’s a lifelong concern, evolving as people age.

Treating Depression: What and How to help:

What Treatments? 

  • Medications: Doctors may prescribe antidepressants such as SSRIs and SNRIs, to help restore the balance of chemicals in the brain that affect mood. 
  • Therapies: An alternative approach to addressing depression includes talking therapies like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which helps change negative thoughts and behaviors; Interpersonal therapy (IPT), which focuses on relationships and emotional state being, and Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), which assists in emotion management. These therapies help you understand and manage your feelings effectively.
  • Alternative Approaches: In addition to medication and therapy, another way to discover relief is through practices such as acupuncture, yoga, and meditation, which contribute to improved well-being and relaxation.

How to Get Help?

  • Consult a Healthcare Professional: Begin by talking to a primary care doctor or a mental health specialist about your symptoms.
  • Therapy and Counseling: Consider seeking therapy from a licensed mental health expert who specializes in depression.
  • Medication: If needed, your healthcare provider may prescribe antidepressant medications.
  • Support Groups: Joining a support group can offer a sense of community and the chance to share experiences.
  • Lifestyle Adjustments: Incorporate healthy habits like regular exercise, a well-balanced diet, and sufficient sleep into your daily routine.
  • Connect with Loved Ones: Open up to friends and family, allowing them to provide support.
  • Crisis Helplines: In moments of crisis, immediately reach out to a crisis helpline or a mental health emergency service.

Treating Depression: What and How to help

Depression is a serious condition that is beyond feeling sad and it can be treated with therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. Early detection of such signs, medical intervention, therapy, counseling are very crucial to overcome depression or any mental illness. 

Being empathetic and understanding will greatly help those with depression, especially for your loved ones.

Frequent Q&A asked on Depression

Is depression a mental illness?

Yes, depression is indeed a mental illness characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and hopelessness.

Do children get depression?

Yes, depression can affect people of all ages, including children.

Can a lack of sleep cause depression?

Yes, chronic sleep deprivation can contribute to or worsen depression.

Are there alternatives to traditional depression treatments?

Yes, alternative approaches like meditation, exercise, and dietary changes may help, but consult a healthcare professional first.

How do you determine if an illness causes depression or vice versa?

A healthcare provider can assess whether a physical illness is causing depression or if depression is worsening physical symptoms.

What are the risks of drug interactions with depression medicines?

 Antidepressants can interact with other medications, so it’s vital to inform your healthcare provider of all drugs and supplements you’re taking.

Why are women more prone to depression?

Women may be more vulnerable due to hormonal changes, societal pressures, and cultural factors, but depression can affect anyone.

Do most people with depression attempt suicide?

While depression increases the risk of suicide, not all individuals with depression attempt it. Seek help if there are signs of suicide.

Will someone with a history of depression get it again?

Depression can recur, but proper treatment and support can reduce the risk of future episodes.

How long does depression last?

The duration of depression varies, but early intervention and treatment can help shorten episodes and improve long-term outcomes.

Select Department
Not Sure of the Specialty?

Choose your date & Slot

Change Date
Monday, OCTOBER 30
Enter Patient Details

Please Note: This session ends in 3:00 mins

Not Finding Your Preferred Slots?
Change Doctor
or Location
top hospital in hyderabad
Call Helpline
040 - 4567 4567