Cardiothoracic Surgery Disease & Conditions in Hyderabad
The Department of Cardiology treats various cardiovascular and cardiothoracic diseases such as:
- Atrial Septal Defect: It refers to the presence of a hole in the septum between the two upper chambers or atria of the heart.
- Coronary Thrombosis: It is defined as the presence of a blood clot inside a blood vessel of the heart, which can restrict the blood flow within the heart, and lead to heart tissue damage, or myocardial infarction.
- Heart Attack: A heart attack refers to the death of a part of the heart muscle that results due to loss of blood supply. The blood supply is usually cut off when an artery supplying the heart muscle is blocked by a blood clot. It results in severe chest pain and electrical instability of the heart muscle.
- Cardiac Arrest: It refers to a sudden loss of blood flow resulting due to the failure of the heart to pump blood effectively. The signs of it include loss of consciousness and abnormal or absent breathing.
- Heart Valve Disease: Heart valve disease occurs when one or more heart valves are unable to open or close correctly. When it affects more than one heart valve, it is known as multiple valvular heart disease.
- Hypertension: It is a chronic disease, more commonly known as high blood pressure, in which the blood pressure in the arteries is higher than normal. Hypertension is usually defined as blood pressure above 140 by 90 and is considered to be severe when the pressure is above 180 by 120. An untreated condition of hypertension, can over time, cause other serious health conditions such as stroke.
- Cardiomyopathy: It is a disease of the heart muscle that makes it harder for the heart to pump enough blood to the rest of the body, and can often lead to heart failure. The major types of cardiomyopathy are dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.
- Congenital Heart Disease: These diseases refer to the conditions that are present at birth. The defects may involve the walls of the heart, the valves, as well as the arteries and veins present near the heart. They disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart.
- Arrhythmia: It is a condition in which the heart either beats too fast or too slow, or may beat at an irregular rhythm. It occurs when the electrical impulses in the heart do not function properly.
- Coronary Artery Disease: It is caused due to the build-up of plaque inside the coronary artery, which leads to the narrowing of the arteries, thereby decreasing the flow of blood to the heart.
1. What are the conditions for a heart transplant?
The major reasons for people requiring heart transplants are dilated cardiomyopathy, severe coronary artery disease with scarred heart tissue due to a heart attack, or congenital defects of the heart.
2. What causes heart failure?
Heart failure is caused when the heart muscle is unable to pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions such as narrowed arteries in the heart, hypertension are responsible for leaving the heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump blood efficiently.
Health Blogs for CT Surgery
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) for severe aortic valve stenosis
Sep 13, 2019 15:35
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is helpful for patients with aortic stenosis, who are very weak and cannot tolerate a major heart surgery.
All About the Cardiac Pacemaker
Apr 12, 2019 18:39
A pacemaker is a device that regulates the heart beat. If your doctor recommends a pacemaker for you, you will need to undergo surgery for it to be implanted. This reference summary explains how pacemakers work, and the benefits and risks of having one.
TAVR – Treating severe aortic valve stenosis without surgery
Jan 18, 2019 17:16
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation/Replacement (TAVI/TAVR) is a less invasive procedure (not surgery) to replace the failing aortic valve. A transcatheter heart valve is a biological tissue valve made of human, pig or cow heart tissue.
Primary angioplasty for Acute Myocardial infarction
Nov 19, 2018 10:32
Myocardial Infarction (MI or heart attack) is a medical emergency wherein the irreversible death of heart muscles occurs due to prolonged lack of oxygen. Over the past decades, treatment for myocardial infarction has evolved considerably. Immediate coronary angiography followed by primary angioplasty is a commonly used procedure to treat MI.
బాధాకరమైన బైపాస్ సర్జరీలకు కాలం చెల్లింది హార్ట్ సర్జరీకోసం ఇపుడు పక్కటెముకలు కోయనక్కరలేదు
Sep 21, 2018 15:43
నా వయస్సు 48 సం.లు. ఈ మధ్య ఓ రోజు ఛాతీలో ఏడమవైపు నొప్పి వచ్చి ఎడమచేయి లాగినట్లు అని పించగా అనుమానంతో వెంటనే ఆస్పత్రికి వెళ్లాను. పరీక్షలు చేసి గుండెకు రక్తం సరఫరాచేసే రక్తనాళాలు రెండు బ్లాక్ అయినట్లు చెప్పి బైపాస్ సర్జరీ చేయించుకోమని సిఫార్సు చేశారు.
Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement (TMVR) for mitral valve diseases
Mar 30, 2016 09:22
Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement (TMVR) Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement (TMVR) is a rare and complex procedure performed to replace the dysfunctional or leaking mitral valve. TMVR is a nonsurgical, minimally invasive procedure performed at very few centers in India. Yashoda Hospitals Secunderabad recently performed this procedure in a 75-year-old man who was having a dysfunctional […]
Benefits of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Bypass Surgery (MICS)
Oct 21, 2015 09:30
Minimally invasive surgery, an innovation of the recent times, makes the surgical procedures less traumatic. The minimally invasive Heart Bypass Surgery or Cardiac surgery (MICS) is different to the conventional cardiac surgeries where the breast bone is split into two (sternotomy). The sternotomy incisions range from 8 to 10 inches, while the MICS incisions are […]