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Multiple sclerosis: A debilitating disease of the nerve

Multiple sclerosis: A debilitating disease of the nerve

Multiple sclerosis is a disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord. The myelin or protective cover of the nerves is affected, resulting in communication problems between the brain and the rest of the body. Multiple sclerosis may result in permanent nerve damage affecting the movement of the aggrieved.

In the severest condition, the patients of multiple sclerosis cannot walk and need others’ support for the movement. In some, there may be a long period of remission with no visible symptoms at all. Though there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, focused and patient-specific treatments can help in reducing the severity of the disease, and help to manage the symptoms effectively.

CAUSES

The exact causes for multiple sclerosis are not known. However, multiple sclerosis is considered to result due to attack by the body’s auto-immune system. In some, the body’s immune system destroys myelin, which forms as a coating for nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord. Once the myelin coating is damaged the nerves are exposed and messages traveling through them are slowed or blocked. Genetics and environmental factors cannot be ruled out as potential causes for the occurrence of multiple sclerosis.

SYMPTOMS

Multiple sclerosis is characterized by symptoms that strongly differ from person to person. In general, multiple sclerosis is characterized by numbness or weakness, partial or complete loss of vision, tingling in parts of the body, electric shock sensations along the neck, slurred speech, dizziness, fatigue, gait and tremors, bladder and bowel problems.

TESTS & DIAGNOSIS

Tests advised for multiple sclerosis are based on differential diagnosis process. Blood tests check the biomarkers associated with multiple sclerosis. Lumbar puncture or spinal tap removes fluid from the spinal canal and checks it for any infections. MRI checks for the presence of lesions in the brain and spinal cord. Evoked potential test records the electrical signals produced by the nervous system.

TREATMENTS

Multiple sclerosis can only be treated, and never be cured. The effective treatment of multiple sclerosis includes drugs and plasma exchange (plasmapheresis). In addition to drugs, the doctors also advise on physical therapy, muscle relaxants, and medications to reduce fatigue.

Physical therapy includes stretching and strengthening exercises to perform daily tasks. Muscle relaxants help to control muscle stiffness or spasms, especially in the legs. Other medications may be advised to treat depression, pain, sexual dysfunction, and bladder or bowel control problems as seen in patients of multiple sclerosis.

 

MS and Demyelinating Diseases Clinic

MS and demyelinating diseases clinic is open for patients and caregivers every 2nd and 4th Thursday from 01:30 pm to 05:30 pm. Prior appointment is mandatory.

multiple sclerosis "MS" clinic

What to expect in MS clinic

Multiple sclerosis MS clinic offers a multidimensional approach in empowering MS patients. The clinic has a multidisciplinary team of neurologist, MS nurse as primary care provider along with symptom management and rehabilitation team. A team of ophthalmologist, urologist, psychiatrist, psychologist offer therapy for MS symptoms. Physiatrist, Physiotherapist, Occupational Therapist, Speech-Language Pathologist all together form rehabilitation from debilitating symptoms and events.

  • Better Quality of Life (QoL)
  • Counseling of patients and family
  • Improved treatment and management outcomes
  • Improved adherence
  • Informative lectures for the patients and testimonials
  • Comprehensive treatment and monitoring

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