Gynaecological and Obstetric diseases we Treat
Gynaecology is a branch of medicine that deals with the functions and diseases related to the female reproductive system. Every woman experiences unique health problems related to their reproductive system. Hence, it is advised to consult a gynaecologist whenever you experience any signs or symptoms related to the reproductive system. Some of the common signs include – heavy periods, bleeding between periods, irregular periods, pelvic pain during or between periods, and irregular discharge.
Gynaecological disorders affect the internal and external organs in pelvic and abdominal areas in the female. Some of the common gynaecological diseases include endometriosis, abnormal uterine bleeding, urinary tract infections, menopause, fibroid, ovarian masses, pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea (painful periods), vulvodynia (unexplained chronic discomfort or pain of the vulva), pelvic inflammatory disease, Genital herpes, painful sexual intercourse, and polycystic ovarian syndrome.
At Yashoda Hospitals, our team of gynecologists and obstetricians work closely to diagnose and treat the conditions, from common to complex and ensure quality care and successful recovery.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that makes up the uterine lining grows outside your uterus. It is most commonly found in the ovaries, the tissue lining your pelvis, and fallopian tubes. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas will be formed. It may cause severe pain especially during menstrual periods, pain during intercourse, infertility, excessive bleeding, and pain during urination and bowel movements
- Abnormal uterine bleeding: Abnormal uterine bleeding can occur in many situations including bleeding between periods, heavy bleeding during your periods, bleeding after sex, irregular periods in which cycle length varies by more than 7-9 days, menstrual cycles that are shorter than 24 days and longer than 38 days, and bleeding after menopause. Endometriosis can also lead to abnormal uterine bleeding.
- Urinary tract infections: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the urinary system, including your kidneys, bladder, uterus, and urethra. There are two types of UTIs – urethritis and cystitis. Urethritis is an infection of the urethra whereas, cystitis is an infection of the bladder.
- Menopause: Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of your menstrual cycles. After menopause, your body produces very low levels of estrogen and progesterone, which affect your health and cause symptoms including vaginal dryness, hot flashes, night sweats, sleep problems, chills, and loss of breast fullness.
- Fibroid: Fibroid is benign tumours that are made up of fibrous connective tissue and smooth muscle cells. It develops in the uterus and causes pelvic pain, prolonged period, frequent urination, pain during intercourse, bleeding between periods, and difficulty getting pregnant.
- Ovarian masses: Ovarian masses are growths on or in the ovaries. Ovarian masses include functional cysts and tumours. There are two types of functional cysts:
- Follicular cysts: This kind of cysts are developing from the Graafian follicles.
- Corpus luteum cysts: This kind of cysts are developing from the corpus luteum.
Functional cysts are harmless and rarely cause pain. There are other cysts which are not related to the normal function of your menstrual cycle. They are – Dermoid cysts, Cystadenomas and Endometriomas.
- Pelvic pain: Pelvic pain is steady and occurs mostly in the lower abdomen area. Women may experience pelvic pain during their period or when they are having sex. Pelvic pain can be a sign that there is a problem with one of the organs in your pelvic area including the ovaries, uterus, cervix,fallopian tubes, or vagina.
- Dysmenorrhea (painful periods): Dysmenorrhea is a medical term for pain during periods. There are two types of dysmenorrhea including primary and secondary.
- Primary Dysmenorrhea: It is a common menstrual cramp that women experience during their periods. It usually starts 1 or 2 days before, or when the period starts. You may feel the pain in the lower abdomen, thighs, or back.
- Secondary Dysmenorrhea: It is a pain caused by a disorder in the women’s reproductive organs including adenomyosis, endometriosis, infection, or uterine fibroid. The pain usually starts earlier in the menstrual cycle and lasts for a longer period of time.
- Vulvodynia: Vulvodynia is discomfort or chronic pain around the opening of the vagina. The pain maylast at least three months. With pain, you may also experience burning, soreness, stinging, rawness,itching, and throbbing.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease: Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is caused by an infection in thewomen’s reproductive organs. It occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from the vagina to the fallopian tubes, uterus, or ovaries.
- Genital herpes: Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by a virus knownas Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). It may cause itching, pain and sores in your genital area.
- Painful sexual intercourse: Many women experience pain during sexual intercourse. When painoccurs, there is a possibility of negative emotional effects. Therefore, it is recommended to see a doctoras soon as it arises.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome: Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS is a hormonal disorder amongwomen. Women who have PCOS may experience prolonged or infrequent menstrual periods or excess androgen levels.
The institute specializes in providing diagnostic, clinical & preventive care in treating women’s sexual health issues. The Institute has well-formulated clinics and awareness programs to provide support for aspects related to counselling & detection. Equipped with the state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment and operation theatres the team of gynecologists has the expertise to perform surgeries through minimal invasive & laparoscopic technique. The gynaecological conditions treated are:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Menstrual pain and irregularity
- Pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS)
- Breast cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Endometrial cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Vulvar cancer
- Symptomatic treatment including hormone replacement therapy
- Osteoporosis prevention, screening and treatment
- Post-menopausal bleeding
Pelvic floor disorders:
- Pelvic floor diseases
- Pelvic organ prolapse
- Urinary incontinence
- Recurrent urinary tract infection
- Knowledge of and referral for urodynamics testing.
General gynaecological issues:
- Ovarian cysts
- Pelvic pain
- Uterine fibroids
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS or PCOD)
- Female endocrine diseases
- Acne and abnormal female hair distribution
- Genital tract infections
- Urinary tract infections
- Vulva and vagina skin disorders
Physiotherapy and rehabilitation program:
What to expect at your first visit
At your first visit to the physical therapist, an evaluation of your current condition is done. This will include questions about your lifestyle, routine and a detailed medical history. At this evaluation, it is recommended that you include all the pertinent information without gaps. Based on this oral assessment, an external or internal physical examination may also be conducted if required.
Women living with following conditions may benefit from physical therapy:
- Issues of adolescence
- Urinary Incontinence (Accidental leakage of urine when coughing, sneezing or laughing. Or need to urinate frequently or all of a sudden, uncontrollable urge to urinate)
- Pain in the pelvic region
- Colorectal conditions and constipation
- Pelvic organ prolapse
- Musculoskeletal dysfunction during pregnancy and postpartum (issues including back pain, diastasis recti and sciatica)
- Scar tissue concerns
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS/PCOD)
- Grade – 1 Uterus Prolapse
- Sexual dysfunction
- Menopause symptoms
- Coccyx disorders
- General orthopaedics
- Obesity management
- Pain management
Health Blogs for Gynaecology
Breastfeeding guide for new parents
Aug 07, 2018 16:08
World breastfeeding week is just around. Breastfeeding may seem to be a very simple and natural approach to give your baby all the nutrition. But then there may arise a few situations when you are clueless or feel less confident. With this article, we try to reduce all the breastfeeding issues a new parent may have.
Oct 13, 2016 06:02
A type of pelvic pain experienced by some women during ovulation, when egg is released from ovaries Mittelschmerz is one-sided pain in the lower abdomen region. It occurs in women about 14 days before the next menstrual cycle. In most cases, Mittelschmerz may not require immediate medical attention. Medications for pain relief and home remedies […]
Sep 22, 2016 06:29
Early signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include abdominal pain, lack of menstrual period, and vaginal bleeding Ectopic pregnancy is different from a normal pregnancy. In a normal pregnancy, the fertilized egg moves into the uterus to attach to the lining and continues to grow for the next 9 months. However, in very rare cases, […]
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Sep 04, 2016 00:31
Do you have sudden or severe inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and pelvic area? Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) affects the female reproductive organs. It is a sexually transmitted bacterium that spreads from the vagina to the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Surprisingly, there are no signs or symptoms to reveal the presence of […]