An erection is a complex process that involves the body’s hormones, nerves, and blood vessels. Erectile dysfunction or impotence is a condition that makes it difficult to get or keep a firm erection long enough for sexual intercourse. It is a fairly common problem, and there is no reason for concern if it happens occasionally. Frequently, it can lead to stress, anxiety, and relationship issues.

Types of Erectile Dysfunction

The main type is organic erectile dysfunction, characterised by abnormalities in the penile arteries (caused by trauma or arteriosclerosis), veins (malfunction of the smooth surrounding muscle), or both. It is common in older men.

Symptoms Of Erectile Dysfunction

Symptoms of erectile dysfunction include trouble getting and keeping an erection as well as reduced sexual desire.

Causes Of Erectile Dysfunction

There are several causes of erectile dysfunction:

  • Atrophy: Fibrosis and wasting away of penile tissue.
  • Diabetes: Peripheral neuropathy, which affects the nerves controlling erections.
  • Depression: There is a relationship between depression, erectile dysfunction, and cardiovascular disease.
  • Drugs: Some prescription drugs such as glaucoma eye drops, blood pressure and antidepressant medications may cause erectile dysfunction.
  • Hormones: Steroid abuse and increased prolactin may contribute to erectile dysfunction.
  • Other causes: Alcoholism, low testosterone, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries.
When To See A Doctor for

While erectile dysfunction is fairly common in older men and may not be a cause for worry, the condition may be an early manifestation of atherosclerosis and vascular disease. It is better to consult a doctor if you are experiencing frequent erectile dysfunction.

Yashoda Hospitals offers state-of-the-art exceptional patient care and specialists in urology. To book an appointment, contact Yashoda Hospitals.

Risk Factors For Erectile Dysfunction

Controllable risk factors for erectile dysfunction include being overweight, a sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking.

Other risk factors may include:

  • Advancing age
  • Prostate problems
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypogonadism
  • Vascular disease and surgery
  • Sleep disorders
  • Illegal drugs
  • Certain medications such as antidepressants
  • Peyronie’s disease (distortion of the penis)
  • Priapism (inflammation of the penis)
  • Mental health issues such as depression and anxiety
  • Alcohol use and smoking
  • Renal failure and dialysis
Possible Complications

Although erectile dysfunction is not life-threatening, it can be a red flag of an underlying medical condition such as type 2 diabetes, heart and blood vessel disease, atherosclerosis, or hypertension. It is best to seek a medical consultation if you are experiencing erectile dysfunction. Yashoda Hospitals offers state-of-the-art exceptional patient care and specialists in urology who can guide you.


Some ways to prevent erectile dysfunction include avoiding smoking and illegal drugs, eating a balanced diet, cutting back on alcohol, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Treatment For Erectile Dysfunction

For diagnosis, your doctor may require your medical and sexual history to determine if there are conditions that may lead to impotence, a problem in the nervous system, or secondary sex characteristics that may point to endocrinological problems.

Certain tests such as blood counts, lipid profile, urinalysis, and measurements of creatinine and liver enzymes may be required. The doctor may also ask for a psychosocial examination to help reveal psychological factors affecting performance.

Treatment for erectile dysfunction depends on age, overall health, medical history, and extent of the condition. Some treatments include:

  • Prescription medications such as sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil, and avanafil. There are precautions to follow when taking these medicines, so consulting a doctor is advised. To book an appointment, contact Yashoda Hospitals.
  • Testosterone replacement therapy to heighten sexual interest.
  • Penile prosthesis or implants.
  • ¬†Psychotherapy and counselling.

It is best to talk to your doctor, who can guide you on a course of treatment. To book an appointment, contact Yashoda Hospitals.


The inability to keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse or to get an erection is one of the main symptoms of erectile dysfunction. It is quite common, and the causes may be physiological or psychological. The urology department at Yashoda Hospitals is equipped with experts in the field to guide you on the right course of treatment. To book an appointment, contact Yashoda Hospitals.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Erectile Dysfunction

High blood pressure can damage blood vessel linings, leading to hardening and narrowing arteries. Less blood flows to the penis, which may result in erectile dysfunction.

Although erectile dysfunction does not directly impact fertility, it makes it harder for a couple to conceive as it can lead to stress and anxiety, which may affect sexual intercourse.

Poor long-term glucose control can damage nerves and blood vessels. Erectile dysfunction is thus common in men who have type 2 diabetes.

More advanced prostate cancers can sometimes lead to a slow or weak urinary stream, causing erectile dysfunction.

For erectile dysfunction, it is advised that you consult a urologist, a medical doctor specialising in diagnosing and treating conditions of the urinary and reproductive tract. If you are experiencing erectile dysfunction, consulting a urologist is recommended. To book an appointment with some of the finest and most renowned experts in the field of urology, contact Yashoda Hospitals.

Disclaimer: The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts.