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Perthes Disease
Causes, Symptoms, Risk factors, Complications, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment

What would you like to know?

What are the symptoms of Perthes Disease?

Some of the symptoms of this condition are:

  • Pain in the knee, hip or groin region especially when putting excess weight
  • Worsening of pain in the upper part of the leg
  • Pain that worsens with activity and is relieved with rest
  • Painful muscle spasms may be caused by irritation around the hip
  • Limping
  • Stiffness in the affected hip
  • Decreased range of movement
  • Sometimes, the affected leg may become shorter

Symptoms, Risk Factors and Complications of Perthes Disease

What are the risk factors of Perthes Disease?

Some risk factors that make an individual susceptible to this condition are:

  • Age: This disease can affect children of nearly any age, but it is commonly found in children between the ages of 4 to 8.
  • Gender: It is more common in boys than girls
  • Race: White children are more likely to develop this disorder than other races.
  • Genetic mutations may cause bone abnormalities

What are the complications of Perthes Disease?

The complications of this condition include:

  • Head of the femur may lose its normal spherical shape and collapse
  • Degenerative joint disease may occur
  • The affected leg may lose some of its motion and may become shorter than the other leg
  • Children with Perthes disease are at higher risk of developing hip arthritis later in life
  • Irregular contouring, flattening, or mushrooming of the head
  • Shortening and broadening of the neck
  • Flattening of the vertical wall of the acetabulum
References: 
  • Perthes disease. OrthoInfo. Available at: https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/perthes-disease# Accessed on June 16, 2020.
  • Perthes disease. Mayo Clinics. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/legg-calve-perthes-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20374343 Accessed on June 16, 2020.
  • Perthes disease. Ortho Kids. Available at: https://orthokids.org/Condition/Legg-Calve-Perthes-Disease Accessed on June 16, 2020.
  • Perthes disease. Cleveland Clinic. Available at: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14587-perthes-disease Accessed on June 16, 2020.
  • Perthes disease. Hopkins Medicine. Available at: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/perthes-disease-leggcalveperthes-disease Accessed on June 16, 2020.
Disclaimer:
“The content of this publication has been developed by a third party content provider who is clinicians and/or medical writers and/or experts. The information contained herein is for educational purpose only and we request you to please consult a Registered Medical Practitioner or Doctor before deciding the appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.”

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