Calcium metabolism disorders
Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Risk Factors, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment
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What is Calcium metabolism disorders?
Calcium metabolism disorders occur either when there is excess or lack of calcium levels in the blood. This inappropriate level of calcium may result in certain conditions such as hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia.
What are the causes of Calcium metabolism disorders?
The major causes of hypocalcemia are:
- Hypoparathyroidism: It is the condition in which secretion of parathyroid hormone is decreased and this leads to decreased blood levels of calcium (hypocalcemia) and increased levels of blood phosphorus (hyperphosphatemia).
- Pseudohypoparathyroidism: It is a rare inherited or genetic condition in which resistance to parathyroid hormone is shown in the body.
- Lower levels of vitamin D in the body
- Deficiency of magnesium in body
- Conditions like renal failure
- Intolerance to foods containing calcium
- Changes in hormone levels
- Genetic factors
The major causes of hypercalcemia are:
- Hyperparathyroidism: It is a condition in which secretion of parathyroid hormone is increased.
- Malignant tumors
- Immobilization over a prolonged period
- Use of drugs
- Hereditary factors: Positive family history may result in the development of this disorder
- Excess levels of vitamin D in the body
- Calcium metabolism disorders. Cleveland Clinic. Available at: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/transcripts/1369_calcium-metabolism-disorders-causes-symptoms-and-treatments Accessed on June 26th, 2020.
- Calcium metabolism disorders. Renaland Available at: https://www.renalandurologynews.com/home/decision-support-in-medicine/nephrology-hypertension/calcium-metabolism-disorders/ Accessed on June 26th, 2020.
- Calcium metabolism disorders. Access Medicine. Available at: http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2287§ionid=177426761 Accessed on June 26th, 2020.