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Calcium metabolism disorders
Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Risk Factors, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment

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What are the symptoms of Calcium metabolism disorders?

The major symptoms of hypocalcemia are:

  • Stiffness or spasms in muscles are common
  • A state of confusion, problems in memory
  • Paresthesia: It is a prickling sensation in the hands or feet
  • Anxiety, depression, irritability, fatigue
  • Parkinson, epilepsy, dementia
  • Swelling of the optic disc, cataract
  • Arrhythmias, congestive heart failure may sometimes occur
  • Spasms of the larynx
  • Dry skin, brittle nails, coarse hair, itching
  • Kidney stones and calcium deposits in the body are common
  • Lightheadedness

Calcium metabolism disorders: Symptoms and Complications

The major symptoms of hypercalcemia are:

  • Gastrointestinal conditions such as constipation, nausea, decrease in appetite
  • Kidney conditions such as stones, frequent urination
  • Psychological conditions such as confusion
  • Pain in the bones, susceptibility to fracture

What are the complications of Calcium metabolism disorders?

Some of the major complications of hypocalcemia are:

  • Eye damage
  • Acute seizures 
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Abnormal heartbeat leading to arrhythmias
  • Osteoporosis
  • Kidney stones
  • Renal failure
  • Arrhythmia
References: 
  • Calcium metabolism disorders. Cleveland Clinic. Available at: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/transcripts/1369_calcium-metabolism-disorders-causes-symptoms-and-treatments Accessed on June 26th, 2020.
  • Calcium metabolism disorders. Renaland Available at: https://www.renalandurologynews.com/home/decision-support-in-medicine/nephrology-hypertension/calcium-metabolism-disorders/ Accessed on June 26th, 2020.
  • Calcium metabolism disorders. Access Medicine. Available at: http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2287&sectionid=177426761 Accessed on June 26th, 2020.
Disclaimer:
“The content of this publication has been developed by a third party content provider who is clinicians and/or medical writers and/or experts. The information contained herein is for educational purpose only and we request you to please consult a Registered Medical Practitioner or Doctor before deciding the appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.”

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