Critical Care Diseases & Conditions
The Critical Care Unit at Yashoda Hospitals provides advanced care and expertise to emergency and critically ill patients. The expertise of our staff is required in case of severe accidents, strokes, and other trauma cases, wherein quick medical treatment is essential. Other patients who require our services include those who require postoperative care after major surgeries and patients from distant places requiring emergency treatment. Our intensive care unit (ICU) is prepared to deal with conditions like:
- Heart attack: The flow of blood to the heart is blocked due to the build-up of fat and other substances in the arteries. Without blood, tissue loses oxygen and dies. Typical symptoms include chest pain, nausea, and shortness of breath. Many people may not experience these classic signs though.
- Heart failure: In heart failure, the heart does not pump blood as it should. Some of the symptoms are shortness of breath, swelling of ankles and feet, fatigue, chest pain, rapid or irregular heartbeat, etc.
- Stroke: Cell death occurs due to poor flow of blood to the brain. This can be due to a blocked or ruptured vessel. Symptoms include paralysis, numbness on one side of the body, trouble speaking and walking, vision problems, lack of balance, etc.
- Third-degree burns: This is a burn where the damage to the skin extends into deeper tissues and the fat layer. It can be caused due to hot liquids, fire, chemicals, or electricity. It can be accompanied with lack of pain if the nerve endings have been destroyed.
- Severe head injury: An injury to the brain, skull or scalp can lead to a severe head injury that can potentially cause brain damage. It can be caused due to accidents, a severe blow to the head, blood clotting disorders, or self-harm.
- Severe accident: Accidents that cause major injury to any part of the body are classified severe. It can lead to a head injury, fracture(s), burns, etc.
- Bone Fractures: A crack or break in the bone is known as a bone fracture. It can occur in any part of the body. Pain, swelling, bruising, skin discoloration, etc. are all symptoms of a fracture.
- Respiratory Failure: It occurs when there is an insufficient exchange of gas (oxygen and carbon dioxide) in the respiratory system. It may be caused due to COPD, Asthma, Pneumonia, etc. Depending on the type, it can cause shortness of breath or rapid breathing and loss of consciousness.
- Pneumonia: An infection in one or both lungs caused by bacteria, virus, or fungi is called pneumonia. Some of its symptoms are shortness of breath, coughing (with phlegm), chest pain, and fever.
- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS): It is a type of respiratory failure that is caused due to inflammation in the lungs. Its symptoms may include shortness of breath, tiredness, rapid breathing, and low blood pressure.
- Pulmonary Embolism: It is caused when a blood clot or several small clots are present in the arteries between the heart and the lungs. Blue lips or nails, shortness of breath, back pain, cough (with blood), and chest pain are some symptoms of pulmonary embolism.
- Severe sepsis and septic shock: Sepsis or blood poisoning occurs when a bacterial infection spreads from one body part into the blood. Uncontrolled sepsis can cause septic shock that can lead to multiorgan failure. Symptoms of septic shock are rapid heart rate, low blood pressure, etc.
- Multi-organ dysfunction: There can be several degrees of organ dysfunction that occur in a continuum, rather than at once. It can be caused due to septic shock.
- Renal failure: Also known as kidney failure, it occurs when the kidneys cannot properly filter waste out from the blood. Reduced amount of urine, shortness of breath, swelling around legs, ankles and feet, nausea, etc. are some symptoms of renal failure.
- Tropical diseases: These are diseases like malaria, dengue fever, and leishmaniasis; often caused due to insect bites. Fever, rashes, swelling of lymph nodes, and body aches are general symptoms to look out for.
Our team also has experience in treating postoperative complications for:
- Major cancer surgeries: These include thoracic cancer surgery, brain cancer surgery, renal cancer surgery, breast cancer surgery, gallbladder cancer surgery, etc.
- Bowel surgery: Major surgeries can be bowel resection surgery, total colectomy, colostomy, etc. These can be performed if the patient’s bowel is affected or if they suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBS).
- Pneumonectomy: It is the surgical procedure to remove a lung. The lung may be removed due to cancer, trauma, or other medical conditions.
- Lobectomy: This is a surgery to remove a lobe of the lung. This removes the affected portion of the lung. It is done in the case of lung cancer, emphysema, tuberculosis, etc.
- Sleeve lobectomy: This is done for central tumors of the lung. It removes a lobe along with a part of the stem bronchus.
- Esophagectomy: A part or all of the esophagus is removed to remove cancer. This is the major surgery done for esophageal cancer.
Health Blogs for Critical Care
Is sepsis always life-threatening?
Feb 08, 2019 16:19
In India, 34% of people with sepsis die in the intensive care unit. Globally, sepsis is attributed to causing deaths greater than those caused by heart diseases and stroke combined. Despite these grave consequences, fewer people know about sepsis. Early detection of infection and timely treatment can save lives.
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Jul 19, 2017 22:46
ARDS is a critical condition when there is fluid build up in the lungs Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome is a condition where fluid collects in the lungs preventing oxygen from reaching the rest of the organs. It is a life threatening lung condition and progresses rather quickly, but is generally treatable and can be recovered […]