Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment
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What are the symptoms of Compartment Syndrome?
Symptoms of acute compartment syndrome develop within a few hours of injury. These include:
- Severe and continuous pain in an arm or leg
- Absence of sensation, feelings of numbness in an arm or leg
- Bruises, swelling, tightness in an area
Symptoms of chronic compartment syndrome are usually related to extreme exertion of the body. These usually subside when the individual rests. Some common symptoms include:
- Intense pain
- Tingling and/or burning sensations
- Stiffness in the arm or leg
- Difficulty in moving the legs
- Muscle bulging
What are the complications of Compartment Syndrome?
An untreated condition may cause certain complications such as:
- Muscle scarring
- Severe infection
- Amputation of the arm/leg
- Permanent nerve damage
- Muscle breakdown
- Compartment Syndrome: Pain Management. WebMD. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/compartment-syndrome-causes-treatments Accessed on June 11, 2020.
- Compartment Syndrome. Healthline. Available at: https://www.healthline.com/health/compartment-syndrome Accessed on June 11, 2020.
- Compartment Syndrome. Medicine Net. Available at: https://www.medicinenet.com/compartment_syndrome/article.htm Accessed on June 11, 2020.