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ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Injury
Causes, Symptoms, Risk factors, Complications, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment

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What is ACL Injury?

Anterior cruciate ligament injury, more commonly known as an ACL injury, is the condition wherein the tissue is either torn or stretched, partially or completely. ACL tissue connects the shinbone and thigh bone at the knee. Hence, this injury is more common in individuals playing sports like basketball, football, etc. However, it can also occur due to accidents and age-related issues.

What is ACL Injury and it's Causes

What are the causes of ACL Injury?

These injuries are very common in activities that are bound to put pressure on the knee, such as:

  • Changing direction rapidly
  • Stopping suddenly
  • Slowing down while running
  • Landing from a jump 
  • Direct contact or collision with the knee

Other causes due to individual variations include:

  • Hormonal and anatomical differences between male and female.
  • Female predominance: Women are predominantly more likely to injure their ACL than men attributed to hormonal changes among other factors.  
  • Muscular stiffness observed in women because of tissue remodeling due to sex hormones. 
References: 
  • ACL injury. Mayo Clinic. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acl-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350738 Accessed on June 12, 2020.
  • ACL Injury: Diseases and Conditions. OrthoInfo. Available at:https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries/ Accessed on June 12, 2020.
  • ACL Injury: what to know. WebMD. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/knee-pain/acl-injury-what-to-know#1 Accessed on June 12, 2020.
  • ACL Injury. Medline Plus. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001074.htm Accessed on June 12, 2020.
Disclaimer:
“The content of this publication has been developed by a third party content provider who is clinicians and/or medical writers and/or experts. The information contained herein is for educational purpose only and we request you to please consult a Registered Medical Practitioner or Doctor before deciding the appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.”

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