ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Injury
Causes, Symptoms, Risk factors, Complications, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment
What would you like to know?
What is ACL Injury?
Anterior cruciate ligament injury, more commonly known as an ACL injury, is the condition wherein the tissue is either torn or stretched, partially or completely. ACL tissue connects the shinbone and thigh bone at the knee. Hence, this injury is more common in individuals playing sports like basketball, football, etc. However, it can also occur due to accidents and age-related issues.
What are the causes of ACL Injury?
These injuries are very common in activities that are bound to put pressure on the knee, such as:
- Changing direction rapidly
- Stopping suddenly
- Slowing down while running
- Landing from a jump
- Direct contact or collision with the knee
Other causes due to individual variations include:
- Hormonal and anatomical differences between male and female.
- Female predominance: Women are predominantly more likely to injure their ACL than men attributed to hormonal changes among other factors.
- Muscular stiffness observed in women because of tissue remodeling due to sex hormones.
- ACL injury. Mayo Clinic. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acl-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350738 Accessed on June 12, 2020.
- ACL Injury: Diseases and Conditions. OrthoInfo. Available at:https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries/ Accessed on June 12, 2020.
- ACL Injury: what to know. WebMD. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/knee-pain/acl-injury-what-to-know#1 Accessed on June 12, 2020.
- ACL Injury. Medline Plus. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001074.htm Accessed on June 12, 2020.