ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Injury
Causes, Symptoms, Risk factors, Complications, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment

What would you like to know?

What are the symptoms of ACL Injury?

Some very common symptoms of ACL injury include:

  • Knee pain with swelling or popping sensation
  • Loss of full range of motion
  • Tenderness in the knee
  • Discomfort while walking

Symptoms and Complications of ACL Injury

What are the risk factors of ACL Injury?

Common risk factors include:

  • Females: They are predominantly at risk of developing an ACL injury and are likely to be at risk due to different hormonal, muscle strength, and anatomical causes. 
  • Sportsperson: Individuals playing sports such as soccer, football, basketball, gymnastics are at risk of an ACL injury.
  • Wearing inappropriate footwear: Wearing wrong size shoes can put pressure on the knee. 
  • Using poorly maintained sports equipment: Using equipment that isn’t adjusted to the individual’s needs can strain the knee. 
  • Individuals that play on artificial turf surfaces are more likely to cause an injury to their ACL tissue. 

What are the complications of ACL injury?

When an ACL injury is not treated for a long period, it may have certain implications like: 

  • Bleeding and blood clots may result in deterioration of the condition
  • Continued and severe knee pain
  • Stiffness or weakness of the knees thereby limiting movement
  • Improper healing thereby worsening the condition
  • Limping and reduced ability to move
  • Individuals suffering from ACL Injury are prone to developing other conditions like osteoarthritis
  • ACL injury. Mayo Clinic. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acl-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350738 Accessed on June 12, 2020.
  • ACL Injury: Diseases and Conditions. OrthoInfo. Available at:https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries/ Accessed on June 12, 2020.
  • ACL Injury: what to know. WebMD. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/knee-pain/acl-injury-what-to-know#1 Accessed on June 12, 2020.
  • ACL Injury. Medline Plus. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001074.htm Accessed on June 12, 2020.
“The content of this publication has been developed by a third party content provider who is clinicians and/or medical writers and/or experts. The information contained herein is for educational purpose only and we request you to please consult a Registered Medical Practitioner or Doctor before deciding the appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.”


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