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Congenital Muscular Torticollis
Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment

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What is Congenital Muscular Torticollis?

Congenital muscular torticollis, also known as twisted neck or wry neck, is a condition in infants, in which they tilt their head to one side and experience a difficulty in turning the head to the other side. It occurs when the sternocleidomastoid muscle which extends down the side of the neck is shortened and tighter than normal

This condition is usually present at birth or in some cases, develops soon after.

Congenital Muscular Torticollis causes

What are the causes of Congenital Muscular Torticollis?

Even though the exact cause of this condition is not known, some of the suspected causes of it are:

  • Abnormal position in the womb
  • Injury to the neck muscle before birth
  • Tighter space in the uterus is most common in firstborn children
References: 
  • Congenital Muscular Torticollis. POSNA. Available at: https://posna.org/Physician-Education/Study-Guide/Congenital-Muscular-Torticollis Accessed on June 23, 2020.
  • Congenital Muscular Torticollis. NCBI. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3814673/ Accessed on June 23, 2020.
  • Congenital Muscular Torticollis. Standford Children. Available at: https://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=congenital-muscular-torticollis-90-P02070 Accessed on June 23, 2020.
  • Congenital Muscular Torticollis. WebMD. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/what-is-torticollis Accessed on June 23, 2020.
Disclaimer:
“The content of this publication has been developed by a third party content provider who is clinicians and/or medical writers and/or experts. The information contained herein is for educational purpose only and we request you to please consult a Registered Medical Practitioner or Doctor before deciding the appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.”

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