Neurological Diseases & Conditions
Neurological diseases are the conditions that affect the central and peripheral nervous systems.
- Alzheimer’s Disease: It is a progressive disease that results in the degeneration of brain cells. It is the most common cause of dementia, and the early signs and symptoms include forgetting recent events or conversations. As the disease progresses, the person will develop severe memory impairment and lose the ability to carry out everyday tasks.
- Dementia: It is a collective term used to describe various conditions of cognitive impairment such as impairment in memory, communication, and thinking.
- Brain Tumor: A brain tumor is essentially an abnormal growth of cells in the brain. There are many different types of brain tumors, which can be benign or malignant. Symptoms of it include change in the headache patterns, frequent and severe headaches, nausea or vomiting, vision problems such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision, gradual loss of sensation in the arm or leg, difficulty in balance, speech, confusion, changes in behaviour or personality, seizures, and hearing problems.
- Cerebral Palsy: It is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move, maintain balance and posture, and is caused due to an abnormal brain development that affects the ability of a person to control muscles. It is the most common motor disability in childhood.
- Epilepsy: It is a disorder in which the brain activity becomes abnormal and results in seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes even loss of awareness.
- Migraine: It is a condition characterized by severe headache, sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, vomiting, difficulty in speaking, etc.
- Parkinson’s Disease: It is a progressive disease that affects the movement of a person. Its symptoms are gradual such as a trembling hand, progress to slow movement and stiffness. Other symptoms include changes in speech, writing, impaired posture and balance, etc.
- Spine Tumor: It is an abnormal mass of cells within the spinal cord.
- Stroke: It is a condition that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is reduced and results in the death of brain cells. Its symptoms include trouble in speaking, paralysis of the arm or leg, headache, etc.
- Vertigo: It is a condition in which people feel that either they are moving or their surroundings are moving. It feels similar to motion sickness, and symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, etc.
Which are the most common neurological diseases?
Some of the most common neurological diseases are Alzheimer’s disease, aneurysm, brain tumor, dementia, epilepsy, headaches, neuralgia, cerebral palsy, neuropathy, etc.
What are the symptoms of a brain tumor?
Some of the most common symptoms of a brain tumor include change in pattern of headaches, frequent and severe headaches, nausea or vomiting, vision problems such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision, gradual loss of sensation in the arm or leg, difficulty in balance, difficulty in speech, confusion, changes in behavior or personality, seizures, and hearing problems.
What are the common signs and symptoms of a neurological condition?
Signs and symptoms that may indicate that a person is suffering from a neurological disorder include persistent or sudden onset of headache, loss of touch or tingling sensation, muscle weakness and rigidity, vision problems such as double vision, impairment in memory and mental ability, lack of coordination, tremors, seizures, back pain which radiates to the feet, toes, or other parts of the body, slurred speech, language impairment, etc.
What factors can cause neurological problems?
The causes of neurological diseases include lifestyle-related factors, infections, genetics, nutrition-related causes, environmental influences, and physical injuries.