Kidney diseases: Treatments & Surgeries
Kidney transplant (KTx) or renal transplant is a procedure wherein the surgeons place a kidney from a live or deceased donor into a patient whose kidneys no longer function properly. Only one kidney is required to compensate for the pair of failed kidneys. Unless, the failing kidneys do not cause any complications, they are not removed. Instead, the donor kidney is placed and attached to the blood vessels in the lower abdomen. The ureter from the new kidney is then connected to the urinary bladder. Once the surgery is successful, the new kidney filters blood and starts producing urine.
People in the later stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) need to be aware of several treatment options to compensate the total or nearly total irreversible kidney failure. The patient has to undergo either renal replacement therapy namely dialysis and/or kidney transplantation. Early dialysis and renal transplant brings favourable outcomes in terms of renal complications and life expectancy.
Patients on long term renal replacement therapy are prone to metabolic changes such as anemia, coronary artery disease, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, secondary hyperthyroidism and aluminium toxicity. These disorders require appropriate medical intervention and life-long management.
Types of kidney transplantations or renal transplantations:
- Living donor kidney transplantation: The kidney received from a living donor in the immediate family is used for the transplant. It is also called as live renal transplantation.
- Cadaver donor kidney transplantation: The kidney received from the brain-dead person is used for the transplant. It is also called as cadaveric renal transplantation.
The institute offers world-class care for patients who need kidney transplantation:
- Pre-transplant evaluation and pre-transplant care for both kidney transplant recipients
- Post-transplant long-term care for both kidney and pancreas transplant recipients – Management of complications in post-transplant patients
- Pre-transplant evaluation and pre-transplant care for living kidney donors
- Pre-emptive kidney transplant (leading to better long-term prognosis for certain patients)
Dialysis, hemofiltration, Haemo dia Filtration are a few methods of renal replacement therapy used to filter wastes from blood with or without machines. Dialysis and filtration can be done either intermittently or continuously.
Comprehensive renal replacement therapy options are available for patients with chronic kidney failure. Dialysis specialists provide patients with comprehensive care, including:
- In-center hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis
- 24-hour emergency dialysis services
- Home hemodialysis for eligible patients
- Pre-emptive kidney transplantation evaluation
- Educational programs for dialysis patients and their families
Health Blogs for Kidney
Frequently asked questions about kidney transplant
May 04, 2019 11:25
Kidney transplant refers to a surgical procedure of placing a healthy kidney from a donor (alive or deceased) in the body of an individual whose kidneys fail to function normally. Kidney transplant is one of the most common transplant surgeries done around the world.
మూత్రపిండాల సమస్యలను గుర్తించటం ఎలా ? చికిత్స విధానాల వివరాలు
Mar 29, 2019 16:02
మూత్రపిండాల సమస్యలో ఐదు దశలు ఉంటాయి. మొదటి దశ, రెండో దశలో అసలు వ్యాధి లక్షణాలు కనిపించవు. మూడో దశలో ఆకలి మందగించడం, నీరసం, ముఖం వాచినట్లుగా ఉండటం, కాళ్లలో వాపు రావడం వంటి లక్షణాలు కనిపిస్తాయి.
వేసవిలో వేధించే మూత్రనాళ, కిడ్నీ వ్యాధులు ముందు జాగ్రతతో ఉపశమనం, ప్రమాదకర సమస్యల నివారణ
Mar 12, 2019 17:04
ఎండకాలం వచ్చే ఆరోగ్యసమస్యలలో మూత్రపిండాలు, మూత్రసంబంధమైనవి ముందు స్థానంలో ఉంటాయి. వీటిలో మూత్రపిండాలలో రాళ్లు ఏర్పడటం, యూరినరీ ట్రాక్(మూత్రనాళపు) ఇన్ఫెక్షన్లు ప్రధానమైనవి.
Learn the facts about PKD – Polycystic Kidney Disease
Mar 09, 2019 13:16
Polycystic kidney disease is characterised by cysts in the kidney which increase both in size and number, often resulting in kidney failure. Kidney transplant has shown successful result but precautionary measures are to be taken to cope up with its complications.
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Sep 19, 2016 07:00
A type of E. coli bacteria produces toxins that can destroy the red blood cells and block the kidneys’ filtering system Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a condition where the red blood cells are destroyed, abnormally. This leads to clogging of the kidney’s filtering system and leads to kidney failure. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is […]
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Sep 03, 2016 05:37
Chronic kidney disease or chronic kidney failure is a slow and progressive loss of kidney function over a period of several years Chronic kidney disease (CKD) also described as chronic kidney failure is a condition where kidneys gradually stop functioning. The primary function of kidneys is to filter wastes and excess fluids from the blood. […]
Age-related Kidney Diseases
Aug 16, 2016 07:09
Anyone can develop kidney disease, regardless of the age Kidney diseases may occur in all age groups. Except for the hereditary link, in many instances kidney diseases may have been caused by an underlying disease. Glomerulonephritis is a condition where the kidneys get inflammated / swollen. Diabetes (excess sugar in the blood) is one of […]
Acute kidney failure – loss of kidney’s filtering ability
May 11, 2016 04:59
Acute kidney failure is a condition where the kidneys no longer filter the waste products from the blood. This condition results in accumulation of waste in the blood leading to further complications. Acute kidney failure may happen over few hours or days, and usually seen in patients undergoing treatment for kidney diseases. Acute kidney failure […]
Towards innovation – Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT)
Dec 17, 2015 08:51
Continuous renal replacement therapy or CRRT is a blood purification therapy. CRRT is advised for patients suffering from impaired renal function, also referred to as Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). ICU patients undergo this therapy 24 hours a day. Kidney failure or renal insufficiency is a medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter […]